Diabetes is a metabolic condition that prevents the body from a production of hormone insulin or disables it to respond to insulin correctly. Hormone insulin is essential in the carbohydrate metabolism, without it glucose level in the blood becomes abnormally high and may result in many complications and even death. There are several types of diabetes.
Type 1 occurs when pancreas stops producing the insulin, usually because of an autoimmune destruction of cells.
Type 2 diabetes is an outcome of an autoimmune disorder that affects the pancreas and causes the insulin resistance. It is the most common type; about 85% people diagnosed with diabetes suffer from it. People with type 2 diabetes have enough insulin, but body tissues are not able to recognise it. The risk of diabetes can significantly increase with the increase of body mass index. Extra weight and obesity also have an adverse effect on the blood pressure, cholesterol and triglycerides metabolism. It is estimated that about 90% of people suffering from type 2 diabetes are obese or overweight.
Diabetes management program should include weight management component as well as close blood sugar monitoring. For the best results, diet and fitness activity should be designed according to your individual genetical profile. Three main areas of metabolism should be considered for the efficient diabetes treatment: inflammation, energy metabolism and fat metabolism.
Overweight people suffer from chronic inflammation caused by the fat cells. Fighting the inflammation alone will not bring lasting results. Thus, reduction of fat cells is a priority. At the same time your doctor can prescribe anti-inflammatory medication and immunotherapy to help reduce the symptoms. Energy production in the cells closely related to the oxidative stress. Improper work of the mitochondria in the diabetic cells results in the increase in free radical processes that damage the whole body.
Moreover, the energy storage is impaired, and diabetic people may feel an increased appetite. The more they eat, the more fat cells will be created, and each of those cells releases hormones that stimulate appetite and increase the hunger. Fitness activities and plenty of water help to detoxify the body and return it to the healthy balance.
Diabetic cells have lower ability than normal to oxidise the fatty acids that come with the food. Created unbalance results in the accumulation of fat in the skeletal muscles, which triggers the increase of insulin resistance. Holistic, based on your genetical profile approach is the most efficient for the diabetes treatment program.