Hypertension, commonly known as a high blood pressure, is a condition characterized by an increased tone of the arteries. It is a first-degree risk factor for the heart diseases and stroke. Blood pressure that on several occasions exceeds or equals 140/90 indicates a hypertension. Choosing the high blood pressure treatment, doctors will consider your general health background, presence of underlying diseases and type of your lifestyle.
There is an elevated risk for particular groups of people to develop a hypertension. Family history of high blood pressure does not necessarily mean that you'll have it too. However, it is a good reason to have regular check-ups with your physician and consult a geneticist. Ethnical belonging can be a risk factor, as African or South Asian ethnicities more commonly than others develop hypertension. Age above 65 increases your chances of higher than optimal blood pressure. Lifestyle, which features poorly balanced diet, lack of physical activity, and alcohol or tobacco use, significantly increases the risk.
Causes of Hypertension
Underlying health conditions like kidney disease or hormonal issue can contribute to the hypertension development, but often the primary reason is unknown. Research shows that the impaired oxidant/antioxidant status resulting in oxidative stress may be one of the main factors that trigger hypertension.
Two approaches go hand in hand with each other. First is controlling your blood pressure with the medication. Diuretics are often given to help flush away the excess of sodium and water from the body system. Other types of medication help control the heartbeat and relax smooth muscles.
Second approach requires the lifestyle changes. Altering your habits may reduce the need for medication or even eliminate it. General recommendations include weight management and low-fat, low-salt diet and moderate physical activity. It is vital to quit smoking and limit or exclude alcohol consumption.
The best way to create your health improvement plan is to consult a specialist. Certified consultant can design a targeted program of nutrition, exercise and lifestyle choices specifically to suit your health goal. Latest development in biomedical science allows experts to give you recommendations based not only on regular biochemical and hematological testing, but also based on your DNA profile. Screening for the mutations in some genes like PRA (plasma renin activity) and SCNN1B can diagnose a monogenetic early onset of hypertension.
It is important to employ a balanced approach and carefully monitor your blood pressure.