DNA technologies are important tools for diagnostics and clinical research. That's why a need for biological or medical labs that specialize in DNA testing and manipulation is growing every day. Only highly qualified in biotechnology and certified personnel is allowed to work in such a laboratories. DNA testing can be performed for the variety of applications.
Prenatal and postnatal testing
DNA labs can serve clinical purposes performing genetical screening and diagnostics. Many labs propose screening for hereditary diseases before, during and after pregnancy. Some of the laboratories provide genetic counselling for couples and individuals, focusing on the abnormalities prevention as well as on early intervention.
Prenatal gender testing can be done in non-invasive ways as early as 7-10 weeks of pregnancy.
Baby health programs help identify genetical disorders on the early stage, perform paternity or maternity testing. Results are highly reliable, and testing techniques often does not require a blood sample, swab from the inner cheek is usually sufficient.
Disease and infection screening
DNA technologies, such as DNA microarray analysis can help predict the probability of development of serious health conditions. Diabetes (type 1 and 2), Alzheimer’s disease, breast cancer and heart diseases are among the top tested.
Specialized labs diagnose the infectious diseases by detection of specific nucleic acids belonging to the viruses or bacteria. Based on the findings, recommendations for the particular treatment can be given, which eliminates the guesswork in choosing the medication.
Drugs that are prescribed by your doctor can be tested for compatibility with your unique genetical profile. Testing reduces the chances for the adverse reactions to medication.
Drug testing and forensic analysis
Some labs provide DNA analysis for the forensic purposes assisting in the legal and criminal investigations. Lab staff can perform a DNA fingerprint analysis that
Drug testing is another sort of trials that can be performed in DNA laboratories. Modern tests can prove drug consumption up to 90 days after the last intake. They are capable of identifying the drug type and can estimate the duration of addiction and dosage.
Paleontological DNA testing
Human material from the paleontological sites, historical figures can be tested to determine their identity, racial and ethnical belonging.
In order to discover ancestry origin techniques of mitochondria, Y chromosome and autosome markers testing can be done in DNA labs.
Diet and fitness optimization
There are DNA laboratories that can help with the diet and fitness that is bests your biochemical and genetical background.